What is osteoporosis?
Osteoporosis is a disease that causes progressive loss of bone density and altering their structure, therefore, bones become fragile and susceptible to fractures. Although the entire skeletal system is affected by osteoporosis, fractures mostly occur in the spine and hips. Experts believe that millions of women worldwide suffer from osteoporosis, and the number is growing day by day.
What causes osteoporosis?
Our bones are a alive system, constantly remodeling. Normally, the amount of bone that is absorbed is equal to that reconstructed so that the shape and density of the bones are preserved. After age 30, the balance begins to tilt in favor of bone resorption. The bones start to lose calcium faster than it can replace. Remodeling occurs slowly and slowly the bones become more fragile. In women, bone loss is faster in the first seven years after menopause. This phenomenon is caused by the sudden drop in the production of sex hormones (estrogen) because they have an important role in bone mineralization. For some women bone mass loss is very pronounced. Studies have shown that are more at risk medium-small size women, smoking, sedentary or the menopause – either naturally or installed after a surgery – began before the age of 45 years.
Acceleration of bone mass loss can be caused by a number of diseases such as kidney failure, Cushing’s disease, hyperthyroidism. Also, some medications – such as glucocorticoids and antiepileptics – accentuate bone demineralization.
How can you prevent the occurrence and progression of osteoporosis?
Diagnosis and treatment of this condition are medical competence. Today there are many solutions proposed treatment for osteoporosis, whose effectiveness is continuously assessed by carefully conducted studies. However, reversibility of bone alterations is a long process and the final result is not complete recovery but significantly improving bone architecture. Therefore, prevention of osteoporosis has a decisive role in maintaining the quality of our skeletal system.
After the age of 40, is advisable to periodically use a supplement specifically designed for prevention of osteoporosis.
Ask your doctor information about osteoporosis and follow recommendations exactly.